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Geography

What are mountains?

Mountains are areas of land that are much higher than the land surrounding them. They are higher and usually steeper than a hill and are generally over 600 metres high. They are often found together in a group called a mountain range.

Some well-known mountain ranges in the four countries that make up the UK include:

  • the Cairngorms in Scotland
  • the Pennines in England
  • the Mourne Mountains in Northern Ireland
  • Snowdonia in Wales

Mountain Formation